Xeriscaping is a landscaping method that focuses on water conservation. It uses drought-tolerant plants and efficient irrigation techniques to minimize water usage. Great for dry climates or places with water restrictions.

Captured from ChatGPT

Garden view with a mediterranean look with xeriscaping-style bushes

Garden view with diverse types of mulch

Garden view showing its integration with the house patio with a vary enticing chair in between

House front view with the garden before it that has a lot of bushes interspersed with mulch

The essentials:

  1. Layout optimized for water use.
  2. Soil that retains just enough moisture, without drying or soaking.
  3. Drought-tolerant plants.
  4. Efficient irrigation.
  5. Application of mulch to maximize water retention.
  6. Pruning and weeding.


  • Group plants with similar water needs.
  • Consider the sunlight and shade each plant will get.
  • Slopes and contours for efficient water runoff.
  • Use permeable materials like gravel on pathways to allow water absorption.
  • Keep plant sizes in check to prevent overgrowth and increased water use.


  • Know and test the soil compatibility.
  • Improve water retention with organic matter.
  • Loosen any compacted soil to improve water infiltration.


  • Prefer native.
  • Pick the ones that require less water.
  • Consider long roots.
  • A good pick may be the ones that bloom during the wettest seasons.

Some options for Portugal’s central area climate below.

RosemaryAlecrimRosmarinus officinalis
OleanderLoendroNerium oleander
Olive treesOliveirasOlea europaea
SageSalvaSalvia officinalis
ThymeTomilhoThymus vulgaris
Cork OakSobreiroQuercus suber
MyrtleMurtaMyrtus communis
Mediterranean CypressCipresteCupressus sempervirens
Sea LavenderLimónioLimonium
ArtemisiaArtemísiaArtemisia absinthium
SantolinaBotão-de-ouroSantolina chamaecyparissus


  • Gravel or stone for quick drainage.
  • Pine bark to slowly decompose, for acid-loving plants.
  • Coarse sand for succulents and other drought-tolerant plants.